In the field of scholarly publication, a preprint – or prepublication – is the version of an article that the author submits to the editorial board of a scientific journal. If the article meets the criteria of the journal, it is then reviewed by researchers whose profile corresponds to the themes and techniques discussed in the article. They evaluate the content of the article (methodology, presentation of results) and may ask the author for additions or clarifications. This stage is called peer review.
The final decision to publish rests with the editorial board of the journal.